What Is A Tattoo?

A tattoo is created by injecting tiny pigment granules into the skin, each smaller than a human cell. Normally, our immune system’s white blood cells help remove foreign substances and cellular debris from our body. However, tattoo granules are too large to be eliminated so they remain in the skin permanently. Only specialised lasers can break down the pigment and gradually fade the tattoo.

What Is In Tattoo Ink?

In the past decade, there has been an increase in the variety of tattoo ink compositions. The list below details some of the known substances used. However, with no regulation of ink components, the exact nature of the inks used in an individual tattoo is unknown.

How Are Tattoos Classified?

Tattoos are classified as “professional” or “amateur”.

How Are Tattoos Removed?

Q Switched lasers

These were introduced in the early 90s and were commonly used for scarless tattoo removal. These lasers deliver short-duration pulses of light energy in a nanosecond and shatter ink particles into fine dust via photo-acoustic principles. The white blood cells can then effectively ingest and remove the finer material via the lymphatic system. Wavelengths of laser light are selected according to the colour of the tattoo ink.

While Q-Switched lasers are able to achieve scarless removal of tattoos, multiple treatment sessions are required. Lightly inked tattoos such as self-applied lettering with India ink may disappear with less than 5 treatments. However, densely inked professional tattoos take much longer to clear. A recent study demonstrated that even after 15 Q-Switched laser treatments, only 75% of tattoos had fully cleared.


Picosecond Lasers / PicoSure

While green and blue inks have traditionally been much slower to clear, the development of lasers able to produce pulses in the picosecond has sped up the process of removal. Multiple treatment sessions are needed with a 2- to 4-month interval. Heavily-inked professional tattoos can take more than 15 treatments to clear.

Other factors influencing response to treatment include:

What Are The Side Effects Of Laser Treatment?

Side effects are rare if the operators have adequate training and experience.

Potential complications include:

Patients are strongly advised to seek treatment from appropriately trained and equipped medical practices and experienced doctors.


Filorga is a nutrient-rich concentrate containing 54 active ingredients. This French-made cocktail of HA, vitamins, amino acids, coenzymes, nucleic acids, and antioxidants stimulates the production of collagen, elastin and HA by fibroblasts. You may choose between 3 different injection methods: Needleless, Microneedling or Booster injection. There is minimal downtime and effects last for 6 months to a year.

Am I Suitable For This Treatment?

If you want to learn more about how to remove undesirable tattoos without the hassle associated with invasive cosmetic surgery, contact us here and schedule an appointment with our doctors today.

Feel free to send us some photos instead if you are unable to find the time for a consultation.